Feminist Killjoy

Feminist Killjoy

Photo by 🇨🇭 Claudio Schwarz | @purzlbaum on Unsplash

Melissa, Roisin, and Sadie

Feminists have reclaimed what used to be negatively called the “feminist killjoy” and have successfully made it their own. This is most present in an article written by Sara Amhed titled “Feminist Killjoys”. She writes about the courage of feminists having their own voice and remaking unkind words into something extraordinary. She brings up countless examples of this such as, “Does the feminist kill other people’s joy by pointing out moments of sexism? Or does she expose the bad feelings that get hidden, displaced, or negated under public signs of joy”? Ahmed makes sure to point out what would be the so-called previous “norm” for feminist killjoys and then twists in into a sensible and comprehensible version that anyone could understand. She even goes as far to give sexists and racist alike a shread of agreement when she says “ Feminists do kill joy in a certain sense”. Then she rips the rug out from under everyone by saying, “they disturb the very fantasy that happiness can be found in certain places. To kill a fantasy can still kill a feeling”. Ahmed beautifully says that now what a feminist killjoy can accurately be described as is someone that kills a fantasy that has no room existing in today’s society. Ideals such as racism and sexism have the right to be stomped out by today’s “killjoys” and that is exactly the idea Sara Ahemd gives to the reader to take away from in her essay. 

To define the “Feminist Killjoy” it must first be dissected into its two terms. The Oxford English Dictionary loosely defines the act of feminism as someone who advocates for the rights and equality of women while a killjoy is said to be someone who makes an otherwise “fun” situation awkward by bringing up something how something played off as enjoyable is actually distasteful. Examples include, a woman bringing up the reality of sexual assault after a rape joke is told or a person of color explaining the disproportionate rates of police brutality when a white person says “but don’t all lives matter”. These words do not have a particular etymology, as they are so new to our vocabulary. However, the term feminist is shown to have come from an English and Latin descent, mostly from the Latin word “fēmina”. The combination of feminist and killjoy has not been commonly used in everyday speech, as shown by Google Ngram.

This is, fundamentally, what the union of “feminist” and “killjoy”  has come to mean recently. Examples of his can be seen in exquisite works of literature such as Mean by Myriam Gurba and A Raisin in the Sun by Loraine Hansberry and, as previously stated, Sara Ahmed in her article “Feminist Killjoys. All of these women have stories to tell as to how they were brought down, criticized, for noticing society’s wrongs. Feminists want to be able to create a safe space for those who have been left behind as they have been. For calling out a racist slur or a sexist joke, as this is still typical societal behavior, the feminist becomes the agressor and therefore the “feminist killjoy”. 

    The notion of feminist killjoy helps us better understand literary texts in a more complex way. In several of the novels we’ve read this year, feminism was an important theme. But in these books, characters that appear to represent feminist values are ridiculed. Although “feminist killjoy” is not used in these books, many of the narrators and characters we have read about fit under this archetype. Myriam Gurba writes in her novel Mean about being a feminist killjoy. She writes that being mean is a defense mechanism and a way to stay entertained. Additionally directing her mean ways toward boys is “a second-wave feminist duty” and closes by saying that “being a bitch is spectacular” (Gurba 17). It is not that she hates men, nor is a cruel person. Rather, in light of all the abuses women have faced at the hands of men, she feels that it is only right for women to be allowed to be mean to men. It is expected that a women be kind, even in the face of aggression and harassment. But Gurba, having been sexual assaulted herself, rejects this ideal and embraces being mean. It makes her feel empowered and counters that patriarchal notion that women need to be polite. 

In the play A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry follows a poor African-American family who must decide what to do with a life insurance check they have just received. It takes place during the 1950s. One of the members of the family, Beneatha Younger, is a young woman aspiring to go to medical school and become a doctor. The desire to be a doctor was uncommon for anyone women at the time, but especially black women, who dealt with racism and segregation on top of the sexism still prevalent at this time. She deals with sexism from her own family members. Her brother, Walter Lee, states “Ain’t many girls who decide [to become a doctor]” (36). Beneatha is able to complete the sentence, showing that this is a conversation she has had before. Walter does not outwardly condemn her for her career choice, but tries to guilt her for all the money that she will spend on medical school. But as a true feminist killjoy, she flips the script on him and tells him to leave her alone because the money is their mother’s, and “picking on [her] is not going to make her give it to [Walter] to invest in any liquor stores” (38). It’s not ladylike, and Walter is upset by it, shaking his head at his sister and wife for their lack of support before exiting the house. In this defiance, she not only stands her ground in becoming a doctor, but contradicts her brother’s own desires as he has done to hers. Here Walter shows us the typical view of women at the time, and what he hopes Beneatha will end up doing. Beneatha proves to be a feminist killjoy by not doing what her family hopes for her and instead pursuing a tough and expensive path. 

Another reason that Beneatha is a feminist killjoy is due to her rejection of typical social norms such as marriage and domestic life. Other characters in the story, including Walter’s wife Ruth and one of Beneatha’s suitors express a desire for her to marry and settle down, as women were supposed to. Beneatha tells Ruth “Listen, I’m going to be a doctor. I’m not worried about who I’m going to marry yet – if I ever get married” (Hansberry 50). She tells her suitor, Asagai, that he “never understood that there is more than one kind of feeling that can exist between a man and a woman- or at least, there should be” (Hansberry 63). Asagai disagrees, saying that “there need only be one type of feeling” (Hansberry 63). Beneatha tells him that it is not enough for her, even though he says that “for a woman it should be enough” (Hansberry 63). In these scenes, Beneatha rejects the role she is supposed to play in this time and place. She is supposed to get married and be content with a domestic life. That is what her family, and her prospective husbands want for her. Even though it will make her life harder and disappoint people, Beneatha continues to fight for what she believes in and what she wants to do, effectively proving herself a feminist killjoy. 

In reading A Raisin in the Sun and “Mean” with the idea of a feminist killjoy in mind, it gives these moments more importance, makes them a celebration of strong women. Though it is discouraging that people try to shame women for their ambitions and personalities, when we classify these women as feminist killjoys, we see how they take back their power. They claim their killjoy title and take pride in it, as Ahmed does with her essay. Being a bitch is being a powerful woman. Being a feminist killjoy is being a woman who is unapologetic about what she wants. 

Works Cited

Ahmed, Sara. “Feminist Killjoys (And Other Willful Subjects).” S&F Online, issue 8.3, 2010,

http://sfonline.barnard.edu/polyphonic/print_ahmed.htm. Accessed 28 November 2019.

“feminist, adj. and n.” OED Online, Oxford University Press, December 2019,

www.oed.com/view/Entry/69193. Accessed 5 December 2019.

Gurba, Myriam. Mean. Coffee House Press, 2017.

Hansberry, Lorraine. A Raisin in the Sun. Vintage Books, 2004.

“kill-joy, n. and adj.” OED Online, Oxford University Press, December 2019, 

www.oed.com/view/Entry/103385. Accessed 5 December 2019.

Schwarz, Claudio. resist feminist text. 1800. Unsplash. https://unsplash.com/photos/xg79IrCrSA8

Is rape to die for? -Sadie Royce

Artist statement:

To explain the title before anything else because it sounds a bit wrong, the article I made my found poem from discussed if the crime rape was worthy of being punished with the death penalty. Most cases that have been punished with the death penalty have been child rape though. I chose this as the topic for my found poem because many rapists today are faced with unfitting sentences most of the time and, in my opinion, tend to not be rightly punished. Five have been actually killed through the death penalty but for child rape. The Supreme Court ruled that it was not a proportionate crime for the rape of an adult woman which was particularly irritating. I’m not completely sure where I stand due to things like wrongful convictions and whatnot but it is still a very intimate topic to me at least. Especially in today’s age where women tend to be ignored anyway. The article even talks about a prejudice jury pool. I mean it is hard to not have a preset notion for a sexual offense case so I can’t blame people for that. The downside is that it leads to more guilty verdicts and obviously more death sentences which is what the last three lines are in reference to. Hope it makes sense to you!

Racism: Bleeding through the Cracks of America’s History- Sadie Royce

          This section of Claudia Rankine’s novel Citizen focuses heavily on instances of racism, not only on specific cases but groups as well. Rankine even skips around time periods like from hurricane Kartina in 2005 to the Jim Crow era that occurred late into the 19th century and the early 20th century. Rankine pairs these very strong examples with equally strong images and she uses them to her advantage to floor her microaggressions.

  Rankine begins on page 82 with the aftermath of hurricane Katrina. The most violent image she exposes to the viewer in this instance is with the bodies “missing limbs” and the “bodies lodged in piles of rubble, dangling from rafters, lying face down, arms outstretched on parlor floors” (Rankine 84). Many African Americans were on the streets of New Orleans at this time and were very poor as Eugene Robinson’s Disintegration. Robinson says, “There is no one explanation for how so many people ended up staying rather than leaving… Perhaps if Nagin had pressed all the city’s school buses into service, thousands more might have escaped the storm” (116). The truth is that the city didn’t care. They were more concerned about keeping the tourist attractions more intact rather than making sure all of the people living there were able to make it out safely. Rankine ties into Robinson’s observation of this fact to show how prevalent racism still is today. Without naming the specific hurricane, it would be plausible that someone would think this happened long ago but it was only 14 years ago which isn’t that long ago in the scheme of things. This city was never really punished for practically letting specific members of their population, only receiving backlash in the form of a slap on the wrist, and it shows how racism is an applicable topic still today even if some refuse to acknowledge it and Claudia Rankine refuses to let them do that. 

Rankine address the topic that is on many African Americans minds today, police brutality. To draw the reader’s attention to this, she uses the example of Rodney King. Rodney King was pulled over for speeding after a car chase on March 3rd, 1991 and when the cops pulled him over, he was pulled out of the car and brutally beaten by police. This attack was broadcast after being filmed by George Holiday. The officers that committed this crime were acquitted after a three month trial. After two decades, King made a public statement that he had forgiven the officers. He was found dead in his pool on June 17th, 2012 yet there seemed to be no foul play of course (Biography.com Editors “Rodney King”). Rankine uses this example of this man being largely mistreated, to say the least, by police to show how young black men are the prime target of police back then and even today for petty crimes that whites would get a slap on the wrist for. Rodney King becomes a symbol for Rankine to use for showing how over and over again African American males are targeted specifically by the very people that are there to protect them (117). 

     Rankine manipulates these images and examples of African Americans being thoroughly mistreated in life or death situations. She violently tries to open the eyes of the reader to these prevalent examples of racism that were applicable in 1991 to 2005 and even now in the sense of police brutality. These are very sad and fueling instances for many African Americans, and even whites that are ashamed this has happened and is still going on, and Claudia Rankine lays it all out on the line for her readers to leave them gasping at what is at the basis of American history and how it still shines through today. 

Discussion questions:

  1. Do you think the personal stories like that of Rodney King were effectively in furthering the idea that racism is still very prevalent today?
  2. What other personal examples have you either seen or experienced that Claudia Rankine touched on generally but did not go into full detail about?

Works Cited
Rankine, Claudia. Citizen: An American Lyric.                         Graywolf, 2014. 

Robinson, Eugene. Disintegration: The Splintering of Black America. Anchor Books, 2011

“Rodney King.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 16 Apr. 2019, https://www.biography.com/crime-figure/rodney-king.

Hello!

My name is Sadie Royce and this is my first year at college but I am a sophomore due to all the college credits I was able to obtain in high school and transfer here. I am an Adolescence Education major and some things I really enjoy are taking care of my pets (three cats, a leopard gecko and a tortoise), writing, and skateboarding. I’m pretty excited to get to know all of you and really just pass this class. Thanks for reading!